Berlin is the capital city of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.5 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city and is the second most populous city proper and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has 5.9 million residents from over 190 nations. Located in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes. First documented in the 13th century, Berlin was the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945). Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city became divided into East Berlin—the capital of East Germany—and West Berlin, a West German exclave surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989). Following German reunification in 1990, the city regained its status as the capital of Germany, hosting 147 foreign embassies. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science. Its economy is primarily based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, media corporations, and convention venues. Berlin also serves as a continental hub for air and rail transport, and is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, biotechnology, electronics, traffic engineering, and renewable energy. Berlin is home to renowned universities, research institutes, orchestras, museums, and celebrities, as well as host of many sporting events. Its urban settings and historical legacy have made it a popular location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, public transportation networks and a high quality of living.
The Berlin bear is the heraldic emblem of Berlin since 1280 and still adorns the coat of arms of Berlin. Speculated to Berlin's heraldic animal, the bear, be attributed to Albrecht I "the bear", conqueror and founder of the Mark Brandenburg. Clearly the Bear shows up continuously since 1280 in the seal or crest. Exact details were not then written down or lost, and therefore the return of the name of the animal or to Albrecht the Bear questionable, is the prevailing opinion in the research from a Slavic origin. The first recorded seal with bear is dated 22 March 1280. It is on a Gildebrief the Berlin furriers and provides two armored bears is a plate holder, which are turned away with a raised paw each other and to look at but backwards. The seal bears the inscription "Sigillum burgensium de berlin sum" (I am the seal of the citizens of Berlin '). The raised paw is already here symbolize the independence of Berlin. However, the seal at a central position there is still the Brandenburg eagle. With the foundation of the residence city of Berlin on 17 January 1709 was presented as the bear yet tamed bear with a collar under the rule of the Prussian eagle and the Brandenburg. In 1839, the dominance of the bears still subdued compared with the eagles has been enforced, and in 1875 the Berlin coat of arms shows a wild untamed already bear with shaggy fur and no collar. Following the merger of Greater Berlin in 1920 was in 1935 the Berlin Bear for the sole emblem. Since then, he is shown walking upright and tipped claws.
photo by lucky
edited by mobydick74
Added by CHL