Guanajuato is a city and municipality in central Mexico and the capital of the state of the same name. It is located in a narrow valley, which makes the streets of the city narrow and winding. Most are alleys that cars cannot pass through, and some are long sets of stairs up the mountainsides. Many of the city’s thoroughfares are partially or fully underground. The historic center of the city has numerous small plazas and colonial-era mansions, churches and civil constructions built using pink or green sandstone. The origin and growth of the city resulted from the discovery of mines in the mountains surrounding it. The mines were so rich that the city was one of the most influential during the colonial period. One of the mines, La Valenciana, accounted for two-thirds of the world’s silver production at the height of its production. The city is home to the Mummy Museum, which contains naturally mummified bodies that were found in the municipal cemetery between the mid 19th and 20th centuries. It is also home to the Festival Internacional Cervantino, which invites artists and performers from all over the world as well as Mexico. The city was also the site of the first battle of the Mexican War of Independence between insurgent and royalist troops at the Alhóndiga de Granaditas. The city was named a World Heritage Site in 1988. Until the beginning of the 15th century, Guanajuato was home to a settlement of Otomi natives. Indeed, the name 'Guanajuato' comes from a word in the Purépecha language, 'Guanaxhuato' meaning 'hilly place of the frogs. The city of Guanajuato owes its foundation to the rich silver mines that were discovered by the Spanish from 1548 onwards. In 1741, the city was given the title of 'The Most Noble and Loyal City of Santa Fe y Real de Minas de Guanajuato' and subsequently went on to become the richest city in Mexico. Guanajuato boasts some of the finest examples of baroque and Churrigueresque architecture in the New World, such as the Valenciana, Cata and La Compañia churches, as well as the Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato.
Don Quixote fully titled The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha is a novel written by Miguel de Cervantes. The novel follows the adventures of Alonso Quijano, a hidalgo who reads so many chivalric novels, that he decides to set out to revive chivalry under the name of Don Quixote. He recruits a simple farmer, Sancho Panza, as his squire, who frequently deals with Don Quixote's rhetorical orations on antiquated knighthood with a unique, earthy wit. He is met by the world as it is, initiating themes like intertextuality, realism, metatheatre and literary representation. Published in two volumes a decade apart, in 1605 and 1615, Don Quixote is considered the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon. As a founding work of modern Western literature, and one of the earliest canonical novels, it regularly appears high on lists of the greatest works of fiction ever published. In a 2002 list compiled by 100 professional writers, Don Quixote was cited as the "best literary work ever written". The most famous Teatro Juarez in Guanajuato hosts the International Cervantes Festival, since 1972.
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edited by Irene and mobydick74
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