Quebec is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec. With its approx. 500 thousands inhabitants it is the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal, which is about 233 kilometres to the southwest. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant, and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Québec was founded by the French in 1608 at site of an abandoned Indian settlement. It became the capital for the French colony of New France. The town was important as a trading port, where the settlers could exchange goods for French imports. In 1759 Québec was captured by the British. (But to this day Québec remains proudly French-speaking). A few years later France relinquished New France to Britain. During the American War of Independence, an American force attacked the British garrison at Québec, but was repelled. In 1852 Québec became the capital of Canada, but in 1867 this honour passed to Ottawa (via Montreal). As a visitor, the best way to see Québec is on foot. Start by walking along the famous Terrasse Dufferin (the 'boardwalk') enjoying the spectacular views of the old city and the St Lawrence seaway. Pass the Citadel, built by the British in the 18th century to strengthen the city's defences. Visit the Maison Kent, (built in 1648) where the French signed the agreement giving the town to the British. Finally take a break by having a coffee at the iconic Chateau Frontenac (now a hotel), a building with a truly grand presence.
The Château Frontenac is a grand hotel in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, which is currently operated as Fairmont Le Château Frontenac. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1980. Prior to the building of the hotel, the site was occupied by the Chateau Haldimand, residence of the British colonial governors of Lower Canada and Quebec.
History. The Château Frontenac was designed by American architect Bruce Price, as one of a series of "château" style hotels built for the Canadian Pacific Railway company (aka CPR) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries; the newer portions of the hotel—including the central tower—were designed by William Sutherland Maxwell. CPR's policy was to promote luxury tourism by appealing to wealthy travelers. The Château Frontenac opened in 1893, six years after the Banff Springs Hotel, which was owned by the same company and similar in style.
An early postcard of the hotel, circa 1910, before later expansions and the construction of the central tower. The Château Frontenac was named after Louis de Buade, Count of Frontenac, who was governor of the colony of New France from 1672 to 1682 and 1689 to 1698. The Château was built near the historic Citadelle, the construction of which Frontenac had begun at the end of the 17th century. The Quebec Conference of 1943, at which Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt discussed strategy for World War II, was held at the Château Frontenac while much of the staff stayed nearby at the Citadel. Although several of Quebec City's buildings are taller, the landmark hotel is perched atop a tall cape overlooking the Saint Lawrence River, affording a spectacular view for several kilometers. The building is the most prominent feature of the Quebec City skyline as seen from across the St. Lawrence. When Canadian Pacific Hotels was renamed Fairmont Hotels and Resorts in 2001, the hotel became Fairmont Le Château Frontenac. In 1953, this hotel was used as filming location for Alfred Hitchcock's film I Confess, featuring Montgomery Clift and Anne Baxter. In 2011, work began on to replace the copper roof, with an image of the roof installed to hide the refurbishing project.
photo by chopchop
edited by mobydick74
Added by chopchop